Friday Congregation Etiquette

assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh

رَبِّ إِنِّي لِمَا أَنزَلْتَ إِلَيَّ مِنْ خَيْرٍ فَقِيرٌ

(28:24)

rabbi innee lima anzalta ilayya min khayrin faqeerun
“My Lord! Truly, I am in need of whatever good that You bestow on me!”

I wanted to provide answers to a question I have received. What happens if you cannot make it to congregation because of work, family, emergency, etc?

Ibn Qudaamah may Allaah have mercy upon him said in Al-Mughni: “It is permissible to offer it – i.e. the congregational prayer – at home and in the desert.

It was also said in authentic narration from Imaam Ahmad that attending prayer in the mosque is obligatory if someone is close to the mosque because it was narrated that the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said: “There is no prayer for a neighbour of the mosque except in the mosque.

However, I am going to show evidence that can be used in the case of if a brother or sister has to miss congregational prayer if they are under extreme circumstances.

Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam (may Allah exalt his mention): “I have been given five things which were not given to any amongst the Prophets before me: The earth has been made for me (and for my followers) a place for praying and for performing Tayammum (dry ablution); therefore my followers can pray wherever the time of a prayer is due.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
‘Aa’ishah may Allah be pleased with her said: “The Prophet, prayed at home when he was sick. He prayed sitting down and some people prayed behind him standing up, so he gestured to them to sit down.” [Al-Bukhari].

Also, the Prophet , said to two men: “If you have already prayed at your resting places and then came to a mosque with congregation, pray with them too and it will be a supererogatory prayer for you.” [End quote]

I would like to remind my readers that the scholars who are of the view that offering congregation in the mosque is obligatory allowed that one may not attend it in the mosque in case of emergencies.

I am not mentioning these emergencies in order to take this matter lightly; rather, it is to clarify the matter as easily as possible. So, if a brother or sister finds it difficult to attend the congregational prayer, then there is no blame on them, Allah willing.

To pray at home although it is more appropriate to go to a mosque as I have stated before, it alright to do. In any case, it is not permissible for one to delay prayers beyong the time when they are due.

On the other hand, there is absolutely no doubt that a person may be deprived of provision because of sins that he commits. Thawbaan may Allaah be pleased with him narrated that the Messenger of Allah, said: “A person may be deprived of provision because of a sin that he commits.” [Ahmad]

In sha’ Allah, these reminders were as much for me as they are for you.

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